This book provides a detailed and comprehensive introduction to situational analysis of qualitative data. Adele E Clarke personally created the situational. Adele E. Clarke – University of California – San Francisco, USA; Carrie Friese – London The Second Edition of Situational Analysis: Grounded Theory After the . UPCOMING SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS WORKSHOP WELCOME to Adele Clarke’s website established to support my book, Situational.

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Furthermore, the birds eye view over the situation helps the researcher keep in mind the broader field of interest. Take, for example, the above definition see section 2 “Epistemological backgrounds” of situation in symbolic interactionism; it would be difficult to define when a situation begins and when it ends or where exactly it is and where it is not; however, a situation would be bordered, it would be the short moment where different actors meet, negotiate on symbols’ meanings and, afterwards, reproduce or transform it.

To take the above mentioned example of CLARKE’s student, whose research project Figure 5 describes, this map helps to contextualise the nurses and define which social worlds cluster around the hospital arena—all on behalf of the patients.

If, say, McDonalds was an element in your situation of inquiry, there might be different symbolic meanings clustering around it e.

What elements ‘make a difference’? To give an example: The elements might come from an observation in a hospital unit: In the end, situational analysis challenges the researcher to live in uncertainty and to, finally, be more modest and quiet when making claims on the nature of the field. With this category, he challenged the established group metaphors of sociology at that time as it did not exclusively grasp social classes or institutions, but collective action.

Dogs, people, and significant otherness. She emphasises that pragmatist thinking had always done this, but failed to do so explicitly situatipnal with methodological reflexivity. It is especially grounded theory’s attempts to ascertain something CLARKE calls the “basic social process” that prevents it from fully becoming postmodern. Studies in Symbolic Interaction1 The latter packed society into the four A-G-I-L boxes.


When FOUCAULT became interested in the individual’s agency, so CLARKE’s thesis states, he came closer to interactionist thinkers, as they “have a long tradition of attempting to see the world from the perspectives of all dlarke in the situation, including the underdog s —those with less but never no power” p.

“Research/Therapy: A Review of Adele Clarke’s Situational Analysis: Gro” by Daniel P. Wulff

There is no such thing as context” p. The social worlds framework: Secondly, with this method she hopes that social scientists will allow themselves to be surprised by their own data and become researchers who reflect more on the categories that they have constructed and are more modest in wdele claims.

Even though the presentation of CLARKE’s three suggested maps was certainly rudimentary, I hope to aadele made daele what the essential intention of her project is: This review essay retains the book’s structure by first examining grounded theory’s epistemological background and then CLARKE’s extensions.

Science, technology and socialist feminism in the late twentieth century. Her rhetoric is auspicious and the offered solution very elegant, however, it is not necessarily congruent with the epistemologies of the thought styles she uses.

For the purpose of this essay, however, it is important to know that CLARKE is explicitly following the STRAUSSian vision, because this strategy, so her argument goes, is the one that because of its roots in pragmatism has always looked around the postmodern turn in the road. Hence, even though problems might occur in grasping “partial connections” in relational analysing, it is, indeed, a method that enables the researcher to analyse relationally without becoming eclectic or, to express it positively, by considering the empirical data.

As stated above, STRAUSS’ innovation was to expand symbolic interactionism from focussing micro-events to also analysing its conditions. First, the definition of situation and second, as already stated above, the understanding of relational analysis. While postmodernism might, indeed, be more than how CLARKE defines it, she delivers a good instrument to make mess with method.

Situational Analysis

Abstract Situational Analysis presents an iteration of Grounded Theory that incorporates the construction of a series of illustrative maps, conceptualizes a situation as inclusive of what usually has been considered context, and explicitly and systematically includes missing or otherwise sityational data.


The difference must lie in the scope: It is more important to note that maps like these not only grasp the range of positions, but also capture what is not articulated; this may then provide a key to understanding the clarle of the situation.

For me, the question arises ajalysis to whether there is a difference between a field and a situation. The production of this dirty and messy map is more or less a brainstorming exercise: These meanings and the actors who produce them should be “mapped in” as they may provide a key to the nature of the field.

Whereas grounded theory looks for a formal theory, which CLARKE criticises as representing fields as too homogeneous by giving oversimplified results think of, for example, STRAUSS’ body-biography-trajectoriessituational analysis aims to produce complexity and represent heterogeneity.

So far, it should have become clear that situational maps are the ones that grasp all elements present in the situation and that these adepe be mapped in a rough and dirty way in order to represent the field’s messiness. According to her, maps enable “relational analyses, [are] excellent ‘devices to materialize questions’ […they are] great boundary objects—devices for handling multiplicity, heterogeneity, and messiness in ways that can travel”p.

WulffThe University of Calgary Follow. As mentioned earlier, questions also occur in the methodology of relational analysis. Qualitative Social Research9 2Art. HARAWAY is not that far away from this understanding; as I clarkr her, situated knowledge means that all kinds of knowledges, significantly the scientific ones, are produced by individuals or groups engaging at different sites and embedded in different networks.

Situations defined as real are real in their consequences. According to CLARKE, these ordered maps are tools to keep a general conspectus over the elements; it is not meant to overcome the messiness, but is instead used for practical reasons.

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