# Cardinality and modality of a relationship

### Crow’s Foot Notation

Creating an entity-relationship (ER) model is to visually represent the database , where data equates Relationships (Cardinality and Modality) The main. Cardinality refers to the relationship between a row of one table and a row of another table. The only two options for cardinality are one or many. On the relationship line, the cardinality is the closest to the entity box. The cardinality Like cardinality, modality is indicated at both ends of the relationship .

We want to store information about several desks. The information we want to collect and store are the desk id, colour of the desk, and desk size. These are the attributes of the entity. Given the id of a desk, we would be able to seek out one specific desk, as no two would have the same id number.

**ERD Entity Relationship Diagram Cardinality Relationships Part 1**

It is shown by a line which normally connects two entities together. No cardinality or modality has been assigned yet. This is a 1: Each side of the relationship has a cardinality of 1. The modality on each side is also 1. A student must fill at least 1 seat, and 1 seat must be filled by at least one student.

Although it may seem possible to have an empty seat, in which case the modality would be 0, the business rules we have defined determine that for the purposes of our database — we do not want to be able to store information about empty seats. One instructor can teach many courses, but one course can only be taught by one instuctor.

## Cardinality and Modality Essay

The modality is one on both ends of the relationship. According to the business rules we have defined — an instructor must teach at least 1 course, and a course must be taught by 1 instructor. One-to-one Any A can have no more than one B; maybe none.

Any B can have no more than one A; maybe none. One-to-many Every A has one or more Bs. Any B has no more than one A; maybe none. One-to-zero-or-many Any A can have any number of Bs; maybe none.

### التعليم الالكتروني لجامعة كربلاء: دخول إلى الموقع

Many-to-many Every A has one or more Bs. Every B has one or more As. You should understand that this is not an exhaustive list of entity relationships, and again, there are many different sets of symbols out there.

Check out Figure Jthe diagram representing Third Normal form. Originally I had drawn it like this: See if you can spot the problem.

- Modality? What’s Modality?
- التعليم الالكتروني لجامعة كربلاء
- Cardinality and Modality (ERD)

In other words, a customer could exist in the database without ever placing an order. At least not in the context of my tutorial. I wanted things to be clean and simple— I just wanted to model a stack of invoices, where every invoice has a customer, and every customer has made a purchase. But by selecting the wrong crowsfoot symbol, I introduced a whole big mess that would need considerable explanation that would dilute the simplicity of the tutorial.

So, what to do? Which says, Every order has exactly one customer and Every customer has one or more orders. This entry was posted in Databases.