The measure also has two validity indicators: 1) Social desirability, and 2) Inconsistency. Parent-Child Relationship Inventory (PCRI) Manual. The Parent–Child Relationship Inventory (PCRI) is one of the most used instruments in a sample of parents involved in child custody assessments. Results concerning PCRI reliability and validity are not consensual. Reliability and validity of the Parent-Child Relationship Inventory (PCRI): . For example, Yañez and Fremouw () concluded that PCRI does not meet the.
According to Boothroyd, the assessment may be administered to individuals or groups and takes about 15 minutes. Marchant and Paulson assert that the PCRI may be used to determine difficulties between parents and children in both research and clinical settings. However they caution that the assessment should be used in conjunction with other instruments. The PCRI may be hand scored, scored with a computer program, or sent to the test publisher for scoring.
Marchant and Paulson explain that the scores are based on a sample of over 1, parents. Of concern to Boothroyd was that only 4.
This low response may have led to a sample population that was not indicative of the U. Boothroyd argues that the respondents represent a group that "was better educated and less diverse that the U.
According to Boothroyd, differences on the Satisfaction and Autonomy scales could indicate that separate norms are needed for these groups. Marchant and Paulson add that young parents, African-Americans, Hispanics, less educated parents, and families from the Midwestern and western United States are underrepresented in the norming sample. The test authors did include separate norms for mothers and fathers.
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Boothroyd reports the following reliability data. Internal consistency ranges from. Additionally, Boothroyd provides information on two studies which were conducted to measure the test-retest reliability of the PCRI. On the first study, in which the test was conducted a second time after a one-week interval, test-retest reliability was estimated in the range of.
In a second study, in which the tests were conducted five months apart, the test-retest reliability results were lower, ranging from. Most of the reviewers found that the reliability data indicate that the PCRI is a sound measure.
Reviewers differ on their opinions of the validity data.
For example, parents who report that they participate in activities with their children are more likely to respond that they have open and effective communications with their children as well.
However, concerns have been raised regarding overlapping constructs that contribute to redundancy among the scales. Evidence of predictive and criterion-related validity is presented in the PCRI manual. Responses from couples involved in divorce litigation and custody mediation revealed that these parents were more likely to report difficulties in their relationship with their children than did the normative sample. Likewise, adolescent mothers who reported lower satisfaction with their parenting role were more likely to discipline by means of scolding and physical punishment.
Hence, the PCRI may not accomplish convergent validity for both mothers and fathers.
Parent-Child Relationship Inventory (PCRI) (Forensic Psychology) - iResearchNet
First, families from diverse backgrounds followed longitudinally would contribute to norms for age-related changes in the parent-child relationship as children mature. Additionally, norms are not available for differing ethnic or cultural groups. The manual reports that principal components factor analysis, conducted using only White mothers and fathers in the normative sample, resulted in a 3-factor model. No details are provided regarding the factor structure. Overall, the data provided in the manual regarding the PCRI appear to be questionable because results of factor analysis are not presented, and the PCRI is not compared to a gold standard or a well-known measure of parenting.
In addition, when studies are presented, it is unclear which version of the PCRI they used. A German study examining the validity of the PCRI and its usefulness for custody evaluations reported that means for the German sample differed from the American standardization sample, internal consistencies for some scales were lower than those published in the manual, and the factor analysis resulted in a 4-factor solution.
Parent-Child Relationship Inventory
Nevertheless, other studies, not cited in the manual, have used the PCRI and have reported on its correlations with other measures, ability to differentiate between groups, and ability to detect changes related to treatment. Many of these studies involved diverse ethnic and SES groups. These studies, summarized below, provide evidence for the validity of the measure.