are the relationships between Portia and Nerissa and Portia and Bassanio? in disguise, to act in Antony's defence against Shylock's malicious demand. To understand the relationship between Bassanio and Antonio, one must first When this happened, Shylock, a moneylender, lost most of his income because. The interactions between Antonio, Shylock, and Portia–that is, between If Shakespeare's play is in fact an examination of the free market, then Venice is the . Antonio's relationship to Shylock also points to doubts about the.
What does Antonio and Bassanio’s friendship reveal about their characters?
To the accompaniment of music, Bassanio selects from the gold, silver and lead caskets. Portia gives Bassanio a ring to seal the match and makes him promise never to part with it. Lorenzo, Jessica and Salerio arrive from Venice with a letter for Bassanio from Antonio, in which he explains that he is ruined and Shylock is determined to exact his revenge by demanding his pound of flesh according to the bond. She suggests that they settle with Shylock, even if that means paying him twenty time the value of the bond.
Bassanio leaves for Venice but vows to return with all speed.
Shylock demands justice Act 4 Scene 1 The Duke presides over the courtroom in Venice, where Shylock demands the penalty from Antonio for defaulting on the bond. Shylock resolutely demands justice according Venetian law.
The Duke has sent for Bellario, a legal expert from Padua, but learns from a letter that he is ill so has sent a young man, Balthasar, in his place.
Portia, disguised as Balthasar, enters the courtroom accompanied by her clerk Nerissa in disguise. Bassanio bids farewell to Antonio, who is told to prepare himself for the penalty. Outwitted, Shylock prepares to leave the courtroom but is called back to face the penalty for threatening the life of a Venetian citizen.
He will be executed and all his goods will be divided between Antonio and the state and unless he asks the Duke for mercy. Shylock agrees and leaves the courtroom. Upon being asked by Portia that who Antonio is, Bassanio replies that he is not just his best friend and the kindest man but also the most honorable person in all Italy.Antonio and Bassanio
He is a friend who is ready to sacrifice anything for him. Portia at once understands that Antonio is a noble person who has suffered for Bassanio. She promises to provide Bassanio with as much wealth that he can repay twenty times the debt.
The debt of the friend is really big and Bassanio postpones his marriage. Things turn around when Portia intervenes. It gets clear that both the friends are really loyal to each other.
Kinsmen or "Cousins"
It is not like Antonio is making all the sacrifices and Bassanio is using him to find his love. Had it been so, Bassanio would not have postponed his marriage to return and see Antonio. Antonio is a honest young gentleman who believes in fair business and is equally kind hearted. A homosocial relationship is very much like a homosexual relationship, however, the parties involved are not sleeping with each other, therefore the relationship is not homosexual.
The stand that they are just friends is perhaps the weakest of the three, as there is little evidence that cannot be refuted on that issue. The third, that they may in fact be kin, is also something of a strong argument, as the play states that the pair are kin. How does one know that the relationship is not homosexual, but homosocial? The playgoer knows that the relationship is most likely not homosexual because there are no references to Antonio or Bassanio being suspected of sleeping together, or that either of them has been labeled homosexual.
The relationship between Antonio and Bassanio may be homosocial, and support for this stand comes from the actions of both Antonio and Bassanio.
Antonio lends Bassanio 3, ducats and puts his own life at risk so Bassanio can pay his debts and go to Belmont.
Three thousand ducats was a large sum of money during that age, and the penalty for failing to pay it would be even harsher. Shylock, whom they borrowed the money from, demanded a pound of flesh from Antonio if he failed to repay the money.
Antonio willingly agrees to these terms, and Bassanio heads off to Belmont to woo Portia. After Bassanio has left, Antonio becomes somewhat upset, almost as if he misses his friend more than he should. Antonio cannot pay these debts because his ships have wrecked, costing him much of his money. Bassanio learns this and leaves Belmont to return to Venice in the hopes that he might save Antonio. He could have just sent Shylock 3, ducats to pay the debt, as Bassanio would now have the means to do so.
Also supporting the homosocial argument is the issue of the ring.
Portia gives Bassanio a ring before he leaves Belmont. She tells him that the ring symbolizes all the love she has for him and that he should never give it up, for if he does, he has forsaken her for another.
In this age, unlike modern times, the man usually gave the woman a ring, but not vice versa. Portia giving Bassanio the ring is more a symbol of her dominance in the relationship, but it becomes important to the argument for a homosocial relationship between Antonio and Bassanio.
Bassanio left Belmont for the purpose of saving Antonio, but his efforts seem futile.
Key moments | The Merchant of Venice | Royal Shakespeare Company
In this act, Portia also hands Antonio his revenge on Shylock, whom she proves has planned the death of Antonio. Portia declines the money, but demands the ring she gave to Bassanio. Bassanio at first refuses to give up the ring, but Antonio convinces him to give it up. Playgoers must ask themselves the question: Does he love Portia at all?