WHY ARE STALINGRAD AND LENINGRAD SO SIGNIFICANT? - GCSE History - Marked by changethru.info
"Do you wish to restore to our city its original name, St. Petersburg? in a statement that "Leningrad holds a special place in the historical "It'll cost a lot of money to change the name, and at the same time of Leningrad," just as the Battle of Stalingrad is even though the city is now Go to Home Page». The Battle of Stalingrad (23 August – 2 February ) was the largest confrontation of . At this point, the Don and Volga Rivers were only 65 km (40 mi ) apart, and the . The wings of the 6th Army and the 4th Panzer Army met near Jablotchni in Germany that those soldiers taken prisoner at Stalingrad were safe. All topics related to WWII are welcome! When I googled the question I got mixed results from Yahoo answers and others like it not the most reliable sources. Edit: After some more googling they are not in fact the same place.
The republics of Abkhazia and South Ossetia have their self-proclaimed militarized borders with the Republic of Georgia, which prohibits the entry into its territory from these republics that considers as illegally occupied. Security in large cities The streets of Moscow or St. Perhaps during the decade of the 90s, after the disintegration of the Soviet Union, Russia itself was a troubled country for security, but today this has totally changed.
Police In Russian cities there usually are many policemen around, especially in the center, which gives a feeling of greater security. The behavior of urban police and traffic is usually polite but quite brusque. Today is not very common to find police request documentation to foreign tourists, trying to find some stick to it to impose a fine. It should also be noted that since July 1, it was launched the tourist police in Moscow, an initiative of the local authorities to improve the image of the city, aimed to provide support to foreign tourists in the Russian capital.
It consists of special security patrols and information in English for foreign tourists visiting the city.
Battle of Stalingrad - Wikipedia
Currently they make up about policemen. Theft, crimes and terrorist acts Without being something general, and as in many other developed countries, thefts occur in large Russian cities, which often are aimed at foreign tourists. In any case, the center of the big cities is very safe because there are lots of police patrolling tourist areas, shopping centers, etc. Regarding terrorist acts, we can say that at present neither Russia nor any country in the world are safe from possible terrorist acts.
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Pay special attention to your personal belongings, especially in crowded places like the Metro. Avoid traveling to outlying areas away from the center of the city, especially at night. If a policeman stops you to impose you any fine for no apparent reason and you think you have not committed any offense, it is best to call your Consulate or Embassy. Always carry your passport with visa and immigration card. They must be original, not photocopies. It must be in perfect condition with the caps attached to the book, not missing any page, and must not be damaged.
Local authorities are very strict in this regard, including concerns with the passport photograph. It comes attached to one of the pages of the passport. It should be checked in advance that all visa data is correct. At the time of entry into Russia, all foreigners must fill out the immigration card, though at major airports this goes along also by immigration service process, either manua lly or in digital format, depending on the airport.
The card consists of two equal parts, the size of a passport page.
One part stays with the border police and the other is given to the traveler who must keep it until the departure from the Russian Federation. The immigration card is also needed for internal displacement in Russia, as well as for registration.
In case of loss of the immigration card, you must notify, within three days, the local immigration authorities so they can issue you a duplicate, once you have presented documents proving your entry into Russia. When a tourist arrives to a Russian city, the hotel or accommodation must register it before the immigration authorities, issuing a proof thereof.
It is the inviting party the hotel or apartment host the responsible for any infringement that has occurred. The hotel will need to have your passport and immigration card for about 24 hours to complete the registration. It would be convenient to ensure that the registration is made effective and carry the proof of registration, just in case.
Risks during travel When traveling through Russia, either on foot, by public transport, by car or plane, there are a number of aspects to consider. Caution should be exercised when crossing streets on foot, even on zebra crossings, since prudence and education is not the strong point of Russian drivers.
Note that in Moscow the streets are very wide so it is very common that there are underpasses for pedestrians to cross them.
Any car in the street car is potential taxi particular, official, an ambulance or a hearse. If you put out your hand anywhere in Moscow, these makeshift taxis will take you to your destination with which you can negotiate the rate previously. It is always advisable to avoid using these illegal taxis, especially at night.
Is Russia a safe country for tourists? Travel tips
They are supposed to be cheaper but they can sometimes charge higher than legal taxis. It is always advisable to ask the hotel to call a taxi driver or a taxi company. Another good option is to book it online with some well-known company for example, KiwiTaxi. Russian trains are the safest in the world. There is only one reviewer provodny or provodnitsa in each of the cars that ensures cleanliness and order but police patrols also travel there.
Travelling by night train from Moscow to St. Petersburg or do the Trans-Siberian route is absolutely secure. That said, you must take certain precautions when traveling by train not only in Russia but in any country. It is always advisable to keep your valuables in the compartment under the bed or seat.
When leaving the compartment never leave valuables, though some compartments are lockable to prevent theft. According to some experts, the risk of traveling by plane through the interior of Russia is 10 times higher than in European, American or Australian travel companies.
I would not recommend using a car to travel by Russia, unless it is strictly necessary. The roads leading from Moscow to certain airports and several nearby resorts are in good condition, but overall conservation is pretty bad, because of the harsh climate, abandonment and lack of maintenance. The government wants to improve their status for the next World Cup in but the task ahead is daunting.
The roads outside major cities are usually in poor condition. Road safety is poor. According to statistics published by the Russian government, there were nearlytraffic accidents in Russia incausing more than 26, deaths and more thaninjured. Except in the city centre, the network of stations is not very thick, so sometimes it must be combined with surface transport.
It is also desirable to have a minimum knowledge of the Russian alphabet, since the signs in the stations are only in cyrillic though the planes of the stations and the trains themselves also contain the names in Latin alphabet. In JanuaryFather Gapon led a peaceful march of workers and their families to the Winter Palace to petition the tsar; the resulting slaughter is remembered as Bloody Sunday.
Following that tragedy, the workers of St. Petersburg became increasingly militant. Forced to live and work in squalor due to Russia's rapid forced industrialization, they began to protest and strike for improved conditions. By the dawn of the twentieth century, the city was the fifth-largest in Europe, behind London, Paris, Viennaand Berlin, and was widely viewed as representative of imperial Russia's new military and industrial might.
But with industrialization there also emerged a surging revolutionary movement, and "Red Petrograd" soon became the "cradle of the Revolution. In the early days of the war, the streets of Petrograd were filled with young men volunteering for military service.
But as Russian losses mounted and the economy declined still further, Petrograd became the focus of anti-tsarist sentiment. The Petrograd Soviet of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies, founded in and modeled on a organization, was the most active. In March February O. A Provisional Government was installed, but constantly battled the Petrograd Soviet for control of the city. During the "July Days," the Soviet nearly succeeded in gaining power. On November 7 October 25, O.
For the next seventy-four years, the communists would control Russia. The Soviet regime's shift of its seat of government to Moscow in March stripped Petrograd of many of its most creative and powerful institutions and prominent individuals.
The city was renamed Leningrad after the death of Lenin in Its standing was further undermined by the December assassination of Leningrad Party leader Sergei Kirov in his office at the Smolny Institute, which precipitated Josef Stalin 's mass purges. Mass graves containing the victims were still being discovered outside the city as recently as World War II took a particularly heavy toll on Leningrad. For nine hundred days the Germans laid siege to the city, and there were anywhere fromto more than 1 million civilian deaths from attack and starvation.
Although the Nazis never entered the city proper, they looted and burned many of the palaces in the environs, including Peterhof and the Catherine Palace. During the post-Stalin era Leningrad was an important economic and intellectual center, though still trailing Moscow. Aside from Kirov, one of Leningrad's best-known political leaders was the rather ironically named Grigory Romanov. As first secretary of the Leningrad Oblast Party Committee from toRomanov encouraged production and scientific associations, as well as links among such groups to innovate and implement new technologies.
As a result, Leningrad achieved enviable production levels. Romanov also made use of the city's extensive scientific establishment, linking the research and production sectors to improve production. The result was a paradoxical situation: At one point, the defending Front Commander, Popovcould not release reserves opposing the Finnish forces to be deployed against the Wehrmacht because they were needed to bolster the 23rd Army's defences on the Karelian Isthmus.
Popov felt relieved, and redeployed two divisions to the German sector on 5 September. These naval units operated against the supply route in the summer and autumn ofthe only period the units were able to operate as freezing waters then forced the lightly equipped units to be moved away, and changes in front lines made it impractical to reestablish these units later in the war.
It included the 23rd Army in the northern sector between the Gulf of Finland and Lake Ladoga, and the 48th Army in the western sector between the Gulf of Finland and the Slutsk — Mga position. As many as 1,, includingchildren were evacuated" between 29 June and 31 March They were moved to the Volga area, the Urals, Siberia and Kazakhstan.
The 8th Army of the Volkhov Front had the responsibility of maintaining the logistic route to the city in coordination with the Ladoga Flotilla. The defensive operation to protect the 1, civilian evacuees was part of the Leningrad counter-siege operations under the command of Andrei ZhdanovKliment Voroshilovand Aleksei Kuznetsov. Additional military operations were carried out in coordination with Baltic Fleet naval forces under the general command of Admiral Vladimir Tributs.
The Ladoga Flotilla under the command of V. Khoroshikhin also played a major military role in helping with evacuation of the civilians.
WHY ARE STALINGRAD AND LENINGRAD SO SIGNIFICANT?
Bombardment[ edit ] Nurses helping wounded people during a German bombardment on 10 September By Monday, 8 September, German forces had largely surrounded the city, cutting off all supply routes to Leningrad and its suburbs. Unable to press home their offensive, and facing defences of the city organised by Marshal Zhukovthe Axis armies laid siege to the city for " days and nights".
- Siege of Leningrad
- ST. PETERSBURG
- Battle of Stalingrad
It was the heaviest air raid Leningrad would suffer during the war, as German bombers hit the city killing 1, civilians. Many of those killed were recuperating from battle wounds in hospitals that were hit by German bombs.