Track and Field Order of Events
EVENT SCHEDULES WEDNESDAY, JUNE 6 | THURSDAY, JUNE 7 | FRIDAY, JUNE 8 | SATURDAY, DI OUTDOOR TRACK & FIELD CHAMPIONSHIPS . Track and field meets are typically held in the spring or summer (or winter if indoor facilities are available). They include sprints, distance races, and field events. Full event schedule for both weekends (May , ) of the Pac Track & Field Championships at Cobb Track & Angell Field in.
She founded the International Women's Sports Federation in and, alongside a growing women's sports movement in Europe and North America, the group initiated of the Women's Olympiad held annually from to These events ultimately led to the introduction of five track and field events for women in the athletics at the Summer Olympics. Also inphysical education advocate Zhang Ruizhen called for greater equality and participation of women in Chinese track and field.
Marking an increasingly inclusive approach to the sport, major track and field competitions for disabled athletes were first introduced at the Summer Paralympics. Carl Lewis was among the athletes who helped increase track and field's profile. With the rise of numerous regional championships, as well as the growth in Olympic-style multi-sport events such as the Commonwealth Games and the Pan-American Gamescompetitions between international track and field athletes became widespread.
From the s onwards, the sport gained more exposure and commercial appeal through television coverage and the increasing wealth of nations. After over half a century of amateurism, the amateur status of the sport began to be displaced by growing professionalism in the late s. Many world records were broken in this period, and the added political element between competitors of the United States, East Germanyand the Soviet Union, in reaction to the Cold Waronly served to stoke the sport's popularity.
The increase in the commercial capacity of track and field was also met with developments in the application of sports scienceand there were many changes to coaching methods, athlete's diet regimes, training facilities and sports equipment.
This was also accompanied by an increase in the use of performance-enhancing drugs. State-sponsored doping in s and s East Germanythe Soviet Union and early 21st century Russiaas well as prominent individual cases such as those of Olympic gold medallists Ben Johnson and Marion Jonesdamaged the public image and marketability of the sport.
From the s onwards, track and field became increasingly more professional and international, as the IAAF gained over two hundred member nations. Inthe series was replaced by the more lucrative IAAF Diamond Leaguea fourteen-meeting series held in Europe, Asia, North America and the Middle East—the first ever worldwide annual series of track and field meetings.
List of athletics events Track and field events are divided into three broad categories: The hurdle races require an athlete to possess the speed of a sprinter and the ability to clear 10 barriers In the United States, equivalent distances of yd Women race over m and 8 barriers 84 cm 33 in high. In both men's and women's races, no penalty is assessed for knocking down hurdles, unless done deliberately with the hand.
The rear leg or foot may not trail alongside the hurdle, but must be drawn over the top. In the relay races teams of four athletes run separate distances, or legs. They exchange a hollow tube called a baton within designated exchange zones.
The most common relay events are the 4 x m Relay meets are particularly popular in the United States, owing in part to the American school system, which has traditionally placed emphasis on interscholastic team competition.
Field Events Competitors in the high jump attempt to clear a crossbar. The contestant may make the takeoff for the high jump using only one foot, not two.
Over the past half-century jumping styles have changed dramatically, from the "scissors" technique, to the "straddle," to the now-predominant "Fosbury flop. In the straddle, still used by some, the athlete approaches the bar and kicks the lead leg upward, then contours the body over the bar, facedown. The flop was popularized by Dick Fosbury, an American who developed the style and used it to win the Olympic gold medal.
The athlete approaches the bar almost straight on, then twists his or her body so that the back is facing the bar before landing in the pit. These landing areas, which at one time were recesses filled with sawdust, are now well-padded foam-rubber mats.
In the pole vault, as in the high jump, the object is for the athlete to pass over a bar without knocking it off, in this case with the aid of a pole. In the vault, too, a foam-rubber pit is employed to break the athlete's fall.
Because the IAAF rules place no restrictions on the composition of the pole, it has undergone dramatic changes as new materials have become available.
Bamboo and heavy metal models have given way to the fiberglass pole, which has a high degree of flexibility and allows the athlete adept in its use to catapult over the bar.
Most vaulters use an approach run of approximately 40 m ft while carrying the pole nearly parallel to the ground. The athlete then plants the pole in a sunken box, which is positioned immediately in front of the pit, and rides the pole during the catapulting phase, before twisting the body facedown to the bar and arcing over while releasing the pole.
Track and field
In the long jump, or broad jump, as it was once called, the contestants run at full speed down a cinder or synthetic runway to a takeoff board. This board marks the point where the athlete must leave the ground. He or she may step on the board but must not allow any portion of the foot to go over it; otherwise, he or she is charged with a foul, and the jump is invalidated. After a legal jump the contestant's mark is measured from the front edge of the takeoff board to the nearest point of contact in the sand-filled pit.
The triple jump requires its contestants to hop, step, and jump into the pit. When the athlete reaches the board, he or she takes off and lands on the same foot; then, while attempting to maintain momentum, the athlete takes an exaggerated step, landing on the opposite foot, and then continues into the pit with a third jump, landing with both feet.
In the shot put, as in the other throwing events, the competitors perform from a circular base constructed of concrete or synthetic material. The shot circle is 7 ft 2. In the "O'Brien" technique, the most popular style, the athlete is positioned at the back of the ring, with the lb 7. The contestant then crouches low on one foot and with the back to the toeboard thrusts to the front of the ring. As the shotputter reaches the toeboard, the body must be torqued in order to provide the impulse to shove the shot forward.
The athlete may touch but not go beyond or touch the top of the toeboard. The discus throw employs a platelike implement weighing 2 kg 4 lb 6. It is one of the oldest of events; it was popular in the ancient Greek Olympics.
The thrower enters a ring 2. The athlete rests the discus — usually made of wood, with a metal rim — in the throwing hand.
The administration of the meet is the responsibility of the Meet Director of the host school. The Meet Director shall perform the following duties: Serve as the administrator and supervisor of the meet. Be responsible for securing knowledgeable and competent meet officials and workers for all events.2018 MAC Outdoor Track & Field Championships - Stadium Events Day 1
Be certain that all officials and workers know and understand their assignments and duties. Coordinate the promotional and planning activities of all aspects of the meet. See to the needs of contestants, officials and spectators, and ensure all technical details of the meet have been done. See that all events are seeded and heats and flights are assigned.
Pre-Meet Planning and Logistics Set the date of the meet. Decide on a meet entry method, either online or hard copy entries.
Decide on meet entry fees. Decide on a meet schedule. Send out promotional meet information to the media. Order needed meet equipment, starting shells, hip numbers, crossbars, etc. Decide on the type of meet awards and place order for awards. Secure meet officials, the earlier the better. Plan the method of handing out awards. Plan a method of controlling traffic on the track and field event areas.
If possible it is best to designate an entrance gate s and exit gate s.
Track and Field
Designate areas for bus parking, meet check-in, the clerk of the course, award stand, meet center announcer, scorer, timing system operatorimplement weigh-in area. Ready facility for meet. Running the Meet It is very important to keep the meet rolling once the first running event starts.
Some meets use a rolling event schedule and others use a specific start time for each running event. Defined below is a different premise that may be worth trying. The premise is basically a goal to keep the meet rolling.
The Track Meet Plan – a Simplified Method
The key to this plan is making sure the announcer, clerk of the course, starter, automatic timing official and event timing official work in sync. This will take practice!
The Perfect Track Meet Premise: Each heat of an event will start exactly 90 seconds after the last finisher of the previous heat crosses the finish line. There will be three minutes between each event.