Why FW de Klerk let Nelson Mandela out of prison | World news | The Guardian
De Klerk did not intend to release Mandela on that day; he wanted to end The relationship between the two men started earlier, in December. Mandela v de Klerk: Relationship of Strained Grace with Nobel Prize of that year, the relationship between us was never really strained. The weekend tributes by President Nelson Mandela to Mr F.W. de Klerk were Praise indeed, given that relations between the two men have.
It is a fact. He does not reveal whether it leaves him hot or cold. But radical change requires steely nerves. De Klerk had become president in Septemberthe son of a National party cabinet minister and the nephew of a prime minister. He grew up with Afrikaner fear in his DNA — the dread that after years on the tip of Africa and the struggle against British colonial rule, his Huguenot descendants would be chased into the sea by the black majority. That fear contributed to policies that built his nation — forced removals to create racially segregated areas and blacks being deprived of their citizenship.
It led to "passbooks", introduced to restrict black people's movements beyond those that were necessary to the economy, and separate beaches, buses, hospitals, schools, universities and lavatories for blacks, whites, mixed-race "coloureds" and Indians. As he prepared his 2 February speech at his holiday home in Hermanus in the Western Cape, De Klerk claims he had no confidant. I preferred decisions to evolve out of cabinet discussions. That way we achieved real co-ownership of our policies.
But he also claims — in a line of argument that allows him to avoid condemning apartheid outright — that the system unravelled through a gradual process. Even today, he admits only that international sanctions against South Africa "from time to time kept us on our toes".
In prime minister Hendrik Verwoerd's government divided black South Africans into eight ethnic groups and allocated them "homelands" — nations within the nation. The move was a cornerstone of an Afrikaner nationalist dream to create a republic, but it led to international isolation.
De Klerk was a vigorous supporter. It focused on making separate development more acceptable while still believing it was just. But by the early s we had ended up in a dead-end street in which a minority would continue to hold the reins of power and blacks, outside the homelands, really did not have any meaningful political rights.
We had become too economically inter-dependent. We had become an omelette that you could not unscramble.
Behind the smiles, the bitter feud between De Klerk and Mandela | World news | The Guardian
Then my predecessor lost his enthusiasm. When I took over, my task was to flesh out what was already a fairly clear vision, but we needed broad support. In Octobera month after succeeding Botha, he released Mandela's political mentor, Walter Sisulu, and seven other prominent Robben Island prisoners.
He spent a long time expressing his admiration for the Boer generals and how ingenious they were during the Anglo-Boer war. We did not discuss the fundamental problems or our political philosophies at all.
Nelson Mandela's fraught relationship with FW de Klerk - Telegraph
On the economic side, the ANC was fundamentally socialistic, the influence of the Communist party was pervasive and they wanted nationalisation. They also wanted to create an unelected government of national unity which would organise elections.
We insisted on governing until a new constitution had been negotiated and adopted by parliament. They also entrenched minority rights constitutionally and set the country on a capitalist path. It was drafted by our finance minister, Derek Keys, and he convinced them of the necessity to stay within the free-market principles that had been in force in South Africa for decades. The ANC has stuck to these principles and that is one of the great positives.
De Klerk, who retired as deputy president inalso believes South Africa is ripe for a political shake-up, maybe as soon as in next year's municipal elections. We need a realignment in politics. Insofar as that occurred we deeply regret it Yes we are sorry". We should be magnanimous and accept it as a magnanimous act", although was privately frustrated that de Klerk's apology had been qualified and had not gone so far as to call apartheid an intrinsically evil policy.
Angered, de Klerk avoided Mandela until the latter requested they meet; when they ran into each other, they publicly argued in the street. Mandela later expressed regret for their disagreement but did not apologise for his original comments. On 9 May, de Klerk announced that the National Party would withdraw from the coalition government.
Nelson Mandela's fraught relationship with FW de Klerk
Instead, the TRC was designed to broadly reflect the wider diversity of South African society, and contained only two members who had explicitly supported apartheid, one a member of a right-wing group that had opposed de Klerk's National Party.
He acknowledged that security forces had resorted to "unconventional strategies" in dealing with anti-apartheid revolutionaries, but that "within my knowledge and experience, they never included the authorisation of assassination, murder, torture, rape, assault or the like". Botha had authorised the bombing of Khotso House but had not revealed this information to the Committee.
He declined, citing protests at the university.
Behind the smiles, the bitter feud between De Klerk and Mandela
Inde Klerk and his wife of 38 years, Marike de Klerkwere divorced following the discovery of his affair with Elita Georgiades,  then the wife of Tony Georgiades, a Greek shipping tycoon who had allegedly given de Klerk and the NP financial support.
His divorce and remarriage scandalised conservative South African opinion, especially among the Calvinist Afrikaners. Infollowing the murder of his former wife, the manuscript of her own autobiography, A Place Where the Sun Shines Again, was submitted to de Klerk, who urged the publishers to suppress a chapter dealing with his infidelity.
De Klerk is also chairman of the Global Leadership Foundationheadquartered in London, which he set up inan organisation which works to support democratic leadership, prevent and resolve conflict through mediation and promote good governance in the form of democratic institutions, open markets, human rights and the rule of law.
It does so by making available, discreetly and in confidence, the experience of former leaders to today's national leaders. It is a not-for-profit organisation composed of former heads of government and senior governmental and international organisation officials who work closely with heads of government on governance-related issues of concern to them.
De Klerk, who was on a brief visit to StockholmSweden, to celebrate the year anniversary of the Nobel Prize foundation, announced he would immediately return to mourn his dead ex-wife. The atrocity was reportedly condemned strongly by South African president Thabo Mbeki and Winnie Mandelaamong others, who openly spoke in favour of Marike de Klerk.
On 15 Mayhe received two life sentences for murder, as well as three years for breaking into Marike de Klerk's apartment. That same year, while giving an interview to US journalist Richard Stengelde Klerk was asked whether South Africa had turned out the way he envisioned it back in There are a number of imperfections in the new South Africa where I would have hoped that things would be better, but on balance I think we have basically achieved what we set out to achieve.
And if I were to draw balance sheets on where South Africa stands now, I would say that the positive outweighs the negative by far. But the positives — the stability in South Africa, the adherence to well-balanced economic policies, fighting inflation, doing all the right things in order to lay the basis and the foundation for sustained economic growth — are in place.
His condition deteriorated sharply, and he underwent a second operation after developing respiratory problems. On 13 June, it was announced that he was to undergo a tracheotomy. The Global Panel Foundation is known for its behind-the-scenes work in public policy and the annual presentation of the Hanno R. After the inauguration of Jacob Zuma as South Africa's president in Mayde Klerk said he is optimistic that Zuma and his government can "confound the prophets of doom". He had five servants, three coloured and two black: This emphasis on reconciliation was his biggest legacy.
If the policy I propounded was ultra-conservative, then that was the policy; it was not necessarily I who was ultra-conservative. I saw my role in the party as that of an interpreter of the party's real median policy at any stage.
I refrained from adjusting that policy or adapting it to my own liking or convictions.