Family relationship names in english to tamil pdf kathaigal

Tamil mythology - Wikipedia

Tamil mythology means the stories and sacred narratives belonging to the Tamil people. .. She was named Mīnachchi, (meaning fish eyed) from the words mīna by private families in Tamil Nadu and handed down through the generations, . This land was divided into 49 nadu, or territories, which he names as seven. The frog left with its family and the next day, both Sahasrabuddhi and upon a time, there lived a poor brahmin without any friends or relatives. Hence the oldest surviving works of Tamil literature bear a peculiar character; though it .. The titles for the books lithographed in the "Arvī," or . family was Siruppitti. . Tamil- English glossary to Ilitopadēşam i., with the . Sixième Congrès Iuternational des Orientalistes up with Beschius' Paramārtha-guruvin kathai and.

Anima shrinking -- Power of becoming the size of an atom and entering the smallest beings Mahima illimitability -- Power of becoming mighty and co-extensive with the universe. The power of increasing one's size without limit Lagima lightness -- Capacity to be quite light though big in size Garima weight -- Capacity to weigh heavy, though seemingly small size Prapthi fulfillment of desires -- Capacity to enter all the worlds from Brahma Loga to the nether world.

It is the power of attaining everything desired Prakasysm irresistible will -- Power of disembodying and entering into other bodies metempsychosis and going to heaven and enjoying what everyone aspires for, simply from where he stays Isithavam supremacy -- Have the creative power of god and control over the sun, the moon and the elements Vasithavam dominion over the elements -- Power of control over kings and gods.

The power of changing the course of nature and assuming any form These eight are the Great Siddhis Ashtama siddhisor Great Perfections. It is said to have been located in the Indian Oceanto the south of present-day Kanyakumari district at the southern tip of India. References in Tamil literature[ edit ] There are scattered references in Sangam literaturesuch as Kalittokaito how the sea took the land of the Pandiyan kings, upon which they conquered new lands to replace those they had lost.

Village deities of Tamil Nadu

Adiyarkkunallar, a 12th-century commentator on the epic, explains this reference by saying that there was once a land to the south of the present-day Kanyakumariwhich stretched for kavatam from the Pahruli river in the north to the Kumari river in the south. All these lands, he says, together with the many-mountained land that began with KumariKollam, with forests and habitations, were submerged by the sea. None of these texts name the land "Kumari Kandam" or "Kumarinadu", as is common today.

Kumari Kandamas identified with Lemuria In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Tamil nationalists came to identify Kumari Kandam with Lemuriaa "lost continent" posited in the 19th century to account for discontinuities in biogeography.

Village deities of Tamil Nadu - Wikipedia

This, chiefly, has made the treatise earn the title Ulaga Podhu Marai the universal scripture. Thus, one can find two distinct meanings for every couplet in the Kural literature, namely, a structural one and a proverbial one. In their isolated form, that is, when removed from the content-structure, the couplets lose their structural meaning, the most important of the two, with the isolated distiches still remaining charming and interesting in themselves. This simply makes the isolated couplet a wise saying or a moral maxim, "a 'literary proverb' in perfect form, possessing, in varying degree, the prosodic and rhetoric qualities of gnomic poetry.

Of the 12, words that Valluvar employed in the work, there are scarcely fifty of Sanskrit origin. In intellectual terms, it is written on the basis of secular ethicsexpounding a universal, moral and practical attitude towards life.

Unlike religious scriptures, the Kural refrains from talking of hopes and promises of the other-worldly life. Rather it speaks of the ways of cultivating one's mind to achieve the other-worldly bliss in the present life itself.

By occasionally referring to bliss beyond the worldly life, Valluvar equates what can be achieved in humanly life with what may be attained thereafter. Even here, he maintains a tone that could be acceptable to people of all faiths. Nevertheless, he seldom shows any concern as to what similes and superlatives he used earlier while writing on other subjects, purposely allowing for some repetition and mild contradictions in ideas one can find in the Kural text.

Despite knowing its seemingly contradictory nature from a purist point of view, Valluvar employs this method to emphasise the importance of the given code of ethic.

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Following are some of the instances where Valluvar employs contradictions to expound the virtues. To the question "What is wealth of all wealth? In regard to the virtues one should follow dearly even at the expense of other virtues, Valluvar points to veracity Kuralnot coveting another's wife Kuraland not being called a slanderer Kural In essence, however, in Chapter 33 he crowns non-killing as the foremost of all virtues, pushing even the virtue of veracity to the second place Kural Whereas he says that one can eject what is natural or inborn in him Kuralhe indicates that one can overcome the inherent natural flaws by getting rid of laziness Kural While in Chapter 7 he asserts that the greatest gain men can obtain is by their learned children Kural 61in Chapter 13 he says that it is that which is obtained by self-control Kural Nevertheless, the basic ideas of Valluvar is found in the introductory section of the Kural, which includes the first four chapters of the text.

Sundaram in the introduction to his work, while "all other sins may be redeemed, but never ingratitude," Valluvar couldn't understand "how anyone could wish to fatten himself by feeding on the fat of others. While the Artha Shastra is based on subtle statecraft, the Porul of the Kural text bases morality and benevolence as its cornerstones. Unlike Kamasutra, which is all about eros and techniques of sexual fulfillment, the Kural text of Inbam remains a poetic appreciation of flowering human love as explicated by the Sangam period's concept of intimacy, known as aham in the Tamil literary tradition.

Both Valluvar and Confucius focused on the behaviors and moral conducts of a common person. Similar to Valluvar, Confucius advocated legal justice embracing human principles, courtesy, and filial pietybesides the virtues of benevolencerighteousnessloyalty and trustworthiness as foundations of life.

Firstly, unlike Confucius, Valluvar was also a poet.